Bryozoa anatomy

Bryozoa. Bryozoa, also known as Ectoprocta, is a major invertebrate phylum, whose members, the bryozoans, are tiny, aquatic, and mostly sessile and colonial animals. Also known as moss animals or sea mats, the colonial species of bryozoans generally build collective stony skeletons of calcium carbonate that are superficially similar to coral .

Bryozoa anatomy. Pages for logged out editors learn more

Corals and Bryozoa Corals (Phylum Cnidaria) and bryozoans (Phylum Bryozoa) are two common Paleozoic groups. Skeletons of the two groups are superficially similar, but the animals are very different and unrelated to each other. In this lab you will look at bryozoans and corals from Indiana and learn the basics of their classification and anatomy.

Phylum Bryozoa Animal Kingdom. Net-like (fenestrate), encrusting, branching (dendroid) or solid (massive) colonies of tiny corallike animals called zooids which filter food using a structure called a lophophore.Over the years, the gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata), a prominent species in Mediterranean aquaculture with an increasing production volume and aquafarming technologies, has become an important research focus. The accumulation of knowledge via several studies during the past decades on their functional and biological characteristics …The genus Haywardozoon represent a little known genus of ctenostome bryozoans that has only been found in the deep-sea. It forms small, mostly uniserial colonies lacking polymorphs. Zooids have a conspicuous apertural closure mechanism consisting of a cuticular lower lip that closes the aperture. Th … Fall Guys, the popular multiplayer game developed by Mediatonic, has taken the gaming community by storm. With its colorful graphics, hilarious physics-based gameplay, and intense competition, Fall Guys has become a favorite among both casu...Mechanical injury is a prevalent challenge in the lives of animals with myriad potential consequences for organisms, including reduced fitness and death. Research on animal injury has focused on many...bryozoan , Aquatic invertebrate of the phylum Bryozoa (“moss animals”), members (called zooids) of which form colonies. Each zooid is a complete and fully organized animal. Each zooid is a complete and fully organized animal.

Subjects: Anatomy Animal colonies Bryozoa Bugula BHL Collections: 100 AÑOS DE BRIOZOOLOGIA ANTARTICA: DESDE LA EXPEDICION ANTARTICA BELGA, 1904, HASTA LA 13ª CONFERENCIA INTERNACIONAL DE BRIOZOOLOIA, CONCEPCIÓN, CHILE 2004H.H. Boer. PDF | On Jan 1, 1998, Richard C. Brusca published Microscopic Anatomy of Invertebrates, Vols 13 and 15 | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate.Morphology, Anatomy, and Systematics of the Cinctiporidae, New Family (Bryozoa: Stenolaemata) Richard S. Boardman Frank K. McKinney and Paul D. Taylor Introduction The new family Cinctiporidae belongs to the class Steno­ laemata, one of the three classes of Bryozoa and the only class that is entirely marine. The oldest known member of the familyA Anatomy and Physiology. A bryozoan colony is composed of identical linked animal units ( zooids ). An individual zooid consists of a partially protrusible organ system (= polypide) surrounded by a body wall. The polypide bears a large retractable lophophore with cilated tentacles used to collect food.Conclusions. We are able to show distinct similarities among bryozoans in the formation of the different organ systems: a two-layered vesicle-like early bud, the ganglion forming as an invagination of the epidermal layer in between the prospective mouth and anal area, the digestive tract mainly forming as an outpocketing of the prospective anal area, and the lophophore forming from two lateral ...Reflections on the morphology, anatomy, evolution, and classification of the Class Stenolaemata (Bryozoa). Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology 86:1–60. Jablonski, D., S. Lidgard, and P. D. Taylor. 1997. Comparative ecology of bryozoan radiations: Origin of novelties in cyclostomes and cheilostomes. Palaios 12:505-523.Dr Maria Byrne is Professor of Marine Biology at the University of Sydney. Her research on the impacts of environmental stressors on marine species with a focus on the impacts of climate change across latitudes is generating crucial findings on species’ vulnerabilities and resilience for management and conservation.The overarching goal is to determine the …

J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2023, 11, 2008 5 of 17 The interaction between low dietary lipid and temperature changes was studied in groups of 30 gilthead seabream (67.50 1.66 g) exposed to low-to-high and ...Entoprocta / ɛntoʊˈprɒktə / ( lit. 'inside rectum/anus'), or Kamptozoa / kæm ( p) təˈzoʊə /, is a phylum of mostly sessile aquatic animals, ranging from 0.1 to 7 millimetres (0.004 to 0.3 in) long. Mature individuals are goblet -shaped, on relatively long stalks. They have a "crown" of solid tentacles whose cilia generate water ...Pages for logged out editors learn moreMoss animal, any member of the phylum Bryozoa (also called Polyzoa or Ectoprocta), in which there are about 5,000 extant species. Another 15,000 species are known only from fossils. As with brachiopods and phoronids, bryozoans possess a peculiar ring of ciliated tentacles, called a lophophore, forMorphology, Anatomy, and Systematics of the Cinctiporidae, New Family (Bryozoa: Stenolaemata) Richard S. Boardman Frank K. McKinney and Paul D. Taylor Introduction The new family Cinctiporidae belongs to the class Steno­ laemata, one of the three classes of Bryozoa and the only class that is entirely marine. The oldest known member of the familyBryozoa. Bryozoa, also known as Ectoprocta, is a major invertebrate phylum, whose members, the bryozoans, are tiny, aquatic, and mostly sessile and colonial animals. Also known as moss animals or sea mats, the colonial species of bryozoans generally build collective stony skeletons of calcium carbonate that are superficially similar to coral .

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We present the most comprehensive molecular phylogeny of bryozoans to date. Our concatenated alignment of two nuclear ribosomal and five mitochondrial genes includes 95 taxa and 13,292 nucleotide sites, of which 8297 were included. The number of new sequences generated during this project are for each gene: ssrDNA (32), lsrDNA (22), rrnL (38 ...This overview and introduction to the study of fossil invertebrates emphasizes both soft and skeletal anatomy, as well as the relationship between animals ... Bodies of a Single Cell: Protoctista. 5. Porifera and Other Pore Bearers. 6. The Cnidaria. 7. Bryozoa. 8. Brachiopoda. 9. Mollusca. 10. Anthropoda. 11. Echinodermata. 12 ...•Bryozoans are colonial and display characteristic zoarium (colony) and zooid morphology/anatomy. •Bryozoans can't eliminate nitrogenous waste, instead storing it in their tissues. They then can "eliminate" their internal tissue and regenerate from their body walls. Bryozoa definition, a phylum of invertebrates comprising about 4000 marine and freshwater species of bryozoans. See more.Bryozoans make excellent model colonial animals. Their life histories range from ephemeral to perennial. Aspects of their lives such as growth, reproduction, partial mortality due to predation or fouling, and the behavior of both autozooids and polymorphs can be studied at the level of the colony, as well as that of the individual module, in ...

The First Edition of Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates has been immensely popular with students and researchers interested in freshwater biology and ecology, limnology, environmental science, invertebrate zoology, and related fields. The First Edition has been widely used as a textbook and this Second Edition should …It’s tempting to believe you know everything about your furry, feline friend(s). However, you’re probably wrong. From history and biological anatomy to their behavioral patterns, there’s a lot to know about cats.J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2023, 11, 2008 5 of 17 The interaction between low dietary lipid and temperature changes was studied in groups of 30 gilthead seabream (67.50 1.66 g) exposed to low-to-high and ...Bryozoa Anatomy.svg. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. File. File history. File usage on Commons. File usage on other wikis. Size of this PNG preview of this SVG file: 241 × 397 pixels. Other resolutions: 145 × 240 pixels | 291 × 480 pixels | 466 × 768 pixels | 621 × 1,024 pixels | 1,243 × 2,048 pixels.The phylogenetic position of the Ectoprocta within the Lophotrochozoa is discussed controversially. For gaining more insight into ectoproct relationships and comparing it with other potentially related phyla, we analysed the myoanatomy and serotonergic nervous system of adult representatives of the …7 ene 2023 ... & Reed, C. G. Bryozoa. In Microscopic Anatomy of Invertebrates (eds Harrison, F. W. & Woollacott, R. M.) 45–206 (Wiley-Liss Inc, 1997). Google ...Bryozoans are a distinct group of water-dwelling, filter-feeding animals. Like corals, bryozoans form colonies of tiny individuals. They eat using a crown of fine tentacles called a lophophore to ...Bryozoans often resemble seaweeds (or mosses) with which they are frequently confused by the public. Alone among lophophorates, Bryozoa includes freshwater representatives. The lophophore may be circular or horseshoe shaped in cross section. A small epistome may be present anterior to the mouth.

Identification: Pectinatella magnifica is a species of freshwater bryozoan in the class Phylactolaemata. Like other species of bryozoans (also known as Ectoprocta or commonly as moss animals), the individual microscopic aquatic invertebrates (called a zooid) live directly on submerged surfaces in a colony (Ricciardi and Reiswig 1994, Wood 2010).

The First Edition of Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates has been immensely popular with students and researchers interested in freshwater biology and ecology, limnology, environmental science, invertebrate zoology, and related fields. The First Edition has been widely used as a textbook and this Second Edition should …It’s hard to underestimate the importance of the spine in your overall anatomy. Learn about the different parts of the spine so you understand how it’s designed and how it functions.Bryozoan colonies have a superficial similarity with corals, but the anatomy of the bryozoan animal is much more complex. The entire complex is called a 'colony'; the individual functional units can be called ' zooids ', although 'polyp' is used for coral individuals, and 'theca' in the case of graptolites.The genus Haywardozoon represent a little known genus of ctenostome bryozoans that has only been found in the deep-sea. It forms small, mostly uniserial colonies lacking polymorphs. Zooids have a conspicuous apertural closure mechanism consisting of a cuticular lower lip that closes the aperture. Th …Finally, bryozoans are hermaphrodites, that is, they have female and male reproductive structures. They reproduce in a sexual and asexual way, with internal fertilization and indirect development. Morphology - External anatomy. Bryozoans are mainly made up of two parts: the cystid or teak and the zooid, also known as polipid.Bryozoans are some of the most abundant fossils in the world. They are also widespread today, both in marine and freshwater environments, living at all latitudes and at depths ranging downward to at least 27,900 feet (8,500 meters). Marine bryozoans show up in the fossil record in the early part of the Ordovician Period, about 485 million years ... The First Edition of Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates has been immensely popular with students and researchers interested in freshwater biology and ecology, limnology, environmental science, invertebrate zoology, and related fields. The First Edition has been widely used as a textbook and this Second Edition should …Anatomy & physiology. Costazia costazi, a coralline bryozoan. Bryozoan skeletons grow in a variety of shapes and patterns: mound-shaped, lacy fans, branching twigs, and even corkscrew-shaped. Their skeletons have …

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The Magnificent Bryozoan is native to Delaware, its native range extends from the Mississippi eastward to the Atlantic Coast from Ontario southward to Florida. Invasive outbreaks have been occurring in Europe since the 1930’s and west of the Mississippi since the 1950’s. The ecological impact of these invasions is still being studied, but ...Encyclopedia of Life. Bryozoa moss animals (Also: bryozoans) Kingdom Animalia animals. Animalia: information (1) Animalia: pictures (22861) Animalia: specimens (7109) …Oct 27, 2021 · Bryozoans are a distinct group of water-dwelling, filter-feeding animals. Like corals, bryozoans form colonies of tiny individuals. They eat using a crown of fine tentacles called a lophophore to ... Morphology of ctenostome bryozoans remain little investigated. This contribution is the second of a series of detailed morphological analyses of this understudied clade of bryozoans. The morphological investigation of Haywardozoon pacificum revealed numerous characters that show a closer relationship to Flustrellididrae rather than Hislopiidae ...Many bryozoans are polymorphic with zooids specialized for different functions. Gymnolaemata C Gymnolaemate bryozoans are almost entirely marine and have circular lophophores. No epistome and no body wall musculature are present. These are considered to be derived characteristics. Colonies are polymorphic with specialization of zooids. In the present study, we investigate the mechanisms of survival and physiological adaptations due to desiccation and low temperatures in the statoblasts of two populations of the freshwater bryozoan Cristatella mucedo. Our results show that both sessoblasts and floatoblasts tolerate almost complete desiccation and subzero temperatures.Lophotrochozoa: maps (42) Lophophorates lophophorates. Lophophorates: pictures (22) Phylum Bryozoa moss animals. Bryozoa: information (1) Bryozoa: pictures (15) Class Gymnolaemata marine bryozoans and tubular bryozoans. Gymnolaemata: pictures (10) Class Phylactolaemata freshwater bryozoans.They bud in a single plane. In one specimen the wall microstructure is well preserved and it is composed of evenly spaced, linear fibers, running parallel to the axis of the stems, and connected by transverse bars. We discuss possible biological affinities of these organisms; we consider algal, poriferan, hydrozoan and bryozoan affinities.bryozoans have this kind of feeding current, and it apparently was the way that the Paleozoic fenestrates (Figure 6) handled the water from which they fed. Collecting Fossil Bryozoans Bryozoans can be found as fossils in a wide variety of marine rocks. They are so abundant that their piled-up branches make the frame work for some limestones, Bryozoa (also known as the Polyzoa, Ectoprocta or commonly as moss animals) are a phylum of simple, aquatic invertebrate animals, nearly all living in sedentary colonies. Typically about 0.5 millimetres (1⁄64 in) long, they have a special feeding structure called a lophophore, a "crown" of tentacles used for … See moreBryozoa: More on Morphology Allen G. Collins and Ben Waggoner, Regents of the University of California, 1994-2008; www.bryozoans.nl - Anatomy Ryland I, Michiel van der Waaij, 2005, 2006, 2007. Bryozoa: Life History and Ecology Allen G. Collins and Ben Waggoner, Regents of the University of California, 1994-2008. VMNH Bryozoan Page J. Winston.Squirrels have relatively typical rodent anatomy as they have long tails, four limbs and large incisors. Aside from their large front teeth, adult squirrels have 20 other teeth that allow them to chew food. ….

May 15, 2020 · Anatomy. The form taken by bryozoan colonies can be highly variable, from gelatinous blobs to upright branching structures and sheet-like encrusters, but the general morphology of a zooid is similar across the classes. Evolution and Development is an evo-devo journal at the interface of evolutionary and developmental biology covering paleontology, population biology, genetics & more.Sep 21, 2020 · Morphology of ctenostome bryozoans remain little investigated. This contribution is the second of a series of detailed morphological analyses of this understudied clade of bryozoans. The morphological investigation of Haywardozoon pacificum revealed numerous characters that show a closer relationship to Flustrellididrae rather than Hislopiidae ... 4 sept 2012 ... Bryozoan colonies have a superficial similarity with corals, but the anatomy of the bryozoan animal is much more complex. The entire complex ...2 Zool 2003 Human Anatomy And Physiology I 2022-08-06 stenopodideans, astacidans, and palinurans). Pathology of Wildlife and Zoo Animals University of Chicago Press The Vertebrata is one of the most speciose groups of animals, comprising more than 58,000 living species. This book provides aOct 25, 2019 · Longest dimension is approximately 12.5 cm. Brachiopod: Lingula anatina (PRI 76882) by Digital Atlas of Ancient Life on Sketchfab. Recent specimen of the brachiopod Lingula anatina from the Phillipines (PRI 76882). Specimen is from the collections of the Paleontological Research Institution, Ithaca, New York. See full list on britannica.com A Anatomy and Physiology. A bryozoan colony is composed of identical linked animal units ( zooids ). An individual zooid consists of a partially protrusible organ system (= polypide) surrounded by a body wall. The polypide bears a large retractable lophophore with cilated tentacles used to collect food. According to the rule of academican E. N. Pavlovskiy, any organism of host is an environment of inhabit for a parasite (Pavlovskiy, 1934). It was analysed, which "ecological niche" or microbiotop (= microhabitat) is occupied by this or that species of symbiotic (parasitic) copepods in organisms of d … Bryozoa anatomy, Lophotrochozoa. Phylum: Bryozoa. The Bryozoans are commonly known as moss animals. They are also known as Ectoprocta and Polyzoa. They are a phylum of aquatic invertebrate animals. In size, they are about 0.020 inches long. Actually, they are filter feeders, separating food particles out of the water by using a retractable lophophore., Các bậc phân loại chính của sinh vật là: vực, giới, ngành, lớp, bộ, họ, chi, loài. Bảng phân loại này thuộc về loài [1] (Vulpes vulpes), [2] loài này được đặt tên bởi [3] Trong phân loại sinh học, Phân loại giới Động vật cũng như phân loại sinh học là khoa học nghiên cứu ..., We can also show that marine bryozoans (cyclostomes, ctenostomes, cheilostomes) evolved from a common ancestor, which probably had an anatomy similar to a soft- ..., At first glance bryozoans are similar to corals: many small individuals (all related through asexual budding) form a colony, each inhabiting a single “box” (calcareous or membranous) within a communal skeleton. However, soft-tissue anatomy reveals that the resemblance is superficial: bryozoan zooids are triploblastic protostomes and filter-feed, A Bryozoan's Medical Endosymbiont. The spiral-tufted bryozoan ( Bugula neritina) is being studied for a potential Alzheimer's disease and cancer drug—but it's not the bryozoan that makes the chemical. The chemical, found in the bryozoan's tissues, is produced by its bacterial endosymbiont, Candidatus Endobugula sertula. In exchange for a ..., Bryozoans: Phyla Entoprocta and Ectoprocta. Bryozoans are generally sessile (attached to substrata) colonial invertebrates that use ciliated tentacles to capture suspended food particles. This group is primarily marine, with more than 4,000 species worldwide, about 50 of which are freshwater species ( Pennak, 1978 )., The core of the concept lies in the presence of the lophophore as well as the nature and arrangement of the body cavities. Bryozoa are the least known in this respect. Here, we focused on the fine structure of the body cavity in 12 bryozoan species: 6 gymnolaemates, 3 stenolaemates and 3 phylactolaemates., Bryozoa. : Life History and Ecology. Bryozoans can reproduce both sexually and asexually. Asexual reproduction occurs by budding off new zooids as the colony grows, and is this the main way by which a colony expands in size. If a piece of a bryozoan colony breaks off, the piece can continue to grow and will form a new colony., Bryozoa (Moss animals) Bryozoans (sometimes referred to as Entoprocta and Ectoprocta) are microscopic sea animals that live in colonial structures that are much larger than the individual animal. Because these structures are usually composed of secreted calcite, they commonly form fossils. Bryozoans were so common in Kentucky's ancient past ..., Bry­ozoans have tra­di­tion­ally been placed into three classes: Phy­lac­to­lae­mata, Steno­lae­mata, and Gym­no­lae­mata, which in­cludes or­ders Ctenos­tom­ata and Cheilostom­ata. Though the ma­jor­ity of bry­ozoan species are ma­rine, fresh and brack­ish water forms are also known. , Bryozoans (also known as ectoprocts or moss animals) are aquatic, dominantly sessile, filter-feeding lophophorates that construct an organic or calcareous modular colonial (clonal) exoskeleton1–3., 2 Zool 2003 Human Anatomy And Physiology I 2022-08-06 stenopodideans, astacidans, and palinurans). Pathology of Wildlife and Zoo Animals University of Chicago Press The Vertebrata is one of the most speciose groups of animals, comprising more than 58,000 living species. This book provides a, Phylum Bryozoa. Bryozoa are a group of aquatic (marine and freshwater) invertebrates that are colonial, meaning many individuals live together. These colonies can be in a variety of shapes that include massive (solid), foliaceous (sheet-like), dendroid (branching), or fenestrate (windowed-shape) ( UCMP ). Bryozoa are first recorded in the Early ... , The genus Haywardozoon represent a little known genus of ctenostome bryozoans that has only been found in the deep-sea. It forms small, mostly uniserial colonies lacking polymorphs. Zooids have a conspicuous apertural closure mechanism consisting of a cuticular lower lip that closes the aperture. Th …, We present the most comprehensive molecular phylogeny of bryozoans to date. Our concatenated alignment of two nuclear ribosomal and five mitochondrial genes includes 95 taxa and 13,292 nucleotide sites, of which 8297 were included. The number of new sequences generated during this project are for each gene: ssrDNA (32), lsrDNA (22), rrnL (38 ..., It’s tempting to believe you know everything about your furry, feline friend(s). However, you’re probably wrong. From history and biological anatomy to their behavioral patterns, there’s a lot to know about cats., Phylum Arthropoda: Arthropods • Segmentation • apparent because each segment has a pair of jointed appendages • even though some are fused into a head, thorax, and abdomen • Appentages are highly adapted to a particular function • Well-developed nervous system • with a brain and nerve cord • Head has sense organs including eyes-simple and …, H.H. Boer. PDF | On Jan 1, 1998, Richard C. Brusca published Microscopic Anatomy of Invertebrates, Vols 13 and 15 | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate., Rating: 7/10 When it comes to consent in the context of a sexual relationship, recent titles like The Last Duel or the upcoming Anatomy of a Scandal — the six-episode limited series that debuts on Netflix on Friday, April 15 — take approval..., Struthers, J. 1893: The Development of the Bones of the Foot of the Horse, and of digital Bones generally; and on a case of Poly-dactyly in the Horse Journal de l'Anatomie et de la Physiologie Normales et Pathologiques, XXVIII 51-62, Figure. Anatomy of a basic bryozoan zooid, illustrated by a vertical section through a cheilostome zooid with the lophophore extended. The red arrows indicate feeding current flow. When not feeding the lophophore can be withdrawn through the orifice or aperture into the body walls., The First Edition of Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates has been immensely popular with students and researchers interested in freshwater biology and ecology, limnology, environmental science, invertebrate zoology, and related fields. The First Edition has been widely used as a textbook and this Second Edition should …, Reflections on the morphology, anatomy, evolution, and classification of the Class Stenolaemata (Bryozoa). Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology 86:1–60. Jablonski, D., S. Lidgard, and P. D. Taylor. 1997. Comparative ecology of bryozoan radiations: Origin of novelties in cyclostomes and cheilostomes. Palaios 12:505-523. , 4 sept 2012 ... Bryozoan colonies have a superficial similarity with corals, but the anatomy of the bryozoan animal is much more complex. The entire complex ..., The occasional consumption of ascidians, algae, and bryozoans is also noted, emphasizing an omnivorous feeding strategy . ... The fry of 150 days, measuring approximately 28 mm in length, exhibited a general anatomy and swimming behavior comparable to those of adult fish . Figure 1. A reconstruction of gilthead seabream life cycle. ..., bryozoans have this kind of feeding current, and it apparently was the way that the Paleozoic fenestrates (Figure 6) handled the water from which they fed. Collecting Fossil Bryozoans Bryozoans can be found as fossils in a wide variety of marine rocks. They are so abundant that their piled-up branches make the frame work for some limestones,, Sep 21, 2020 · Morphology of ctenostome bryozoans remain little investigated. This contribution is the second of a series of detailed morphological analyses of this understudied clade of bryozoans. The morphological investigation of Haywardozoon pacificum revealed numerous characters that show a closer relationship to Flustrellididrae rather than Hislopiidae ... , Bryozoans (Phylum Bryozoa) are colonial, sessile animals that are usually ... An example of a nonindigenous bryozoan is the lacy-crust bryozoan, Membranipora ..., Anatomy. The form taken by bryozoan colonies can be highly variable, from gelatinous blobs to upright branching structures and sheet-like encrusters, but the general morphology of a zooid is …, Bryozoa Other invertebrates. Bryozoa is a phylum of small aquatic invertebrates that filter feed with tentacles lined with cilia. Phyla Ectoprocta and Entoprocta (Bryozoans). The …, Anatomy. The interior of the shell is lined with a mantle, a membranous duplication of the body wall, through which respiration may occur and which secretes the shells. The shell is closed and opened by adductor and diductor muscles respectively. The scars of these muscles may be seen on the inside of the valves. , BRYOZOAN ECOLOGY: Bryozoans are all aquatic animals, and most are marine, except for the freshwater forms classified in the Phylactolaemata. In aquatic habitats, …, Among bryozoans, class Phylactolaemata has been shown to be the sister group of Gymnolaemata + Stenolaemata, cor-roborating earlier anatomical inferences. Despite persistent claims, there are no unequivocal bryozoans of Cambrian age: the oldest bryozoans are stenolaemates from the Trem-adocian of China. Stenolaemates underwent a major radia-